Tooth decay these days has become one of the most common dental diseases that affect the overall health and structure of the teeth. Tooth decay is caused by many reasons, so looking for signs and symptoms of tooth decay can help you in receiving the treatment as soon as possible. The more amount of time that you will take in the treatment, the more severe the problem will become in the future. So it is advised to visit your dentist as soon as possible.
When tooth enamel corrodes and allows bacteria to infect the inner dentin, it can cause tooth decay. Tooth decay can usually be detected by conducting a dental examination on a routine basis. Also in some cases, a dental X-ray examination may be required to confirm whether the tooth is decayed or not. Tooth decay can form on all sides and areas of the teeth and is most common in the posterior teeth. Following are the 7 most common signs and symptoms of a tooth cavity:
Visible Dark Spots on Teeth
When tooth decay begins to develop, it can cause dark spots on the surface of the tooth. At first, these spots look like simple staining, and you might even think that the teeth are only slightly discolored. However, as time goes by, the dark spots will become larger, indicating tooth decay.
Hot or Cold Sensitivity
As the decay continues to penetrate the tooth, the dentin is exposed. The dentin is more porous, which may cause sensitivity problems. You may notice pain whenever you drink something hot or cold.
Holes in Teeth
Bacteria present in tooth decay will eventually swallow the tooth which will create small holes and pits in the enamel. These holes are signs of cavity formation, and most likely you need to get filling in them.
Having Bad Breath and Unpleasant Taste
As discussed above tooth decay is caused by a bacterial infection, so the bacteria in the mouth produce waste products that lead to bad breath and unpleasant taste in the mouth.
Severe Pain and Discomfort
Teeth with cavities will surely cause you pain and discomfort. Sometimes you may find it difficult to bite without any severe or shocking pain. Patients usually find it difficult to brush or floss their teeth due to pain or sensitivity.
Swelling or Bleeding Gums
When the cavity is close to the gum line, a tooth infection can affect the surrounding soft tissues. This can cause bleeding or swelling of the gums, especially when brushing or flossing.
No Symptoms At All
When the cavity is small, there are chances that there might be no symptoms at all. In fact, most patients will not know that whether they have tooth decay before undergoing a routine dental examination.
Unfortunately, you may encounter severe problems if you don’t take treatment on time. It is very important to maintain your dental hygiene so that you don’t have to face this problem in the future. Brushing twice a day and getting into a habit of rinsing with mouthwash will help in reducing plaque and bacteria.